All Publications

Full List under Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=pmXR-GRA0BQC&hl=en

All publications are available for download from Research Gate

Most Cited Publications

Arroyo, I.;  Cooper, D.G; Burleson, W.;  Woolf, B. P.; Muldner, K.; Christopherson, R. (2009). Emotion Sensors Go To School.              Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS Press.  BEST PAPER AWARD. 

 

Woolf, B.P., Burleson, W., Arroyo, I., Dragon, T., Cooper, D., Picard, R. (2009). Affect-aware tutors: recognising and responding to student affect. International Journal of Learning Technology 4 (3), 129-164.

 

Arroyo, I.; Woolf, B. (2005). Inferring learning and attitudes from a Bayesian Network of log file data Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. Amsterdam, 2005.

 

Arroyo, I., Beck, J. E., Beverly Park Woolf, Beal, C. R., Klaus Schultz (2000) Macroadapting Animalwatch to gender and cognitive differences with respect to hint interactivity and symbolism.   Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems.  Montreal, Canada. June 2000. pp. 574-583. Published by Springer

 

Arroyo, I., Ferguson, K., Johns, J., Dragon, T., Meheranian, H., Fisher, D., Barto, A., Mahadevan, S., Woolf, B.P. (2007) Repairing Disengagement with Non-Invasive Interventions.  Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS Press.

Most Recent Publications

Harrison A., Ottmar, E., Arroyo, I., Rosenbaum, L., Bakker, A., Abrahamson, D., Hulse, T., Manzo, D., & Landy, D. (2018, April). Embodiment and action in mathematics games. Symposium presented at the American Psychological Association’s conference on Technology, Mind & Society, April 5-7, 2018, Washington, DC.

 

Hulse, T., Harrison, A., Arroyo, I., Ottmar, E. Developing Methods to Implement Embodied Game Design for Mobile Learning Technologies in STEM Classrooms (November, 2018). Poster presented at the 2018 conference of the North American Chapter of the Psychology of Mathematics Education.

Harrison, A., Hulse, T., Manzo, D., Micciolo, M., Ottmar, E., & Arroyo, I. (June, 2018). Computational thinking through game creation in STEM classrooms. Proceedings (Part II) of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. London, U.K. pp. 134-138. (Poster)

 

Hulse, T., Harrison, A., Micciolo, M., Arroyo, I., & Ottmar, E. (2018). Developing and Measuring Computational Thinking Through Game Design in STEM Classrooms. National Science Foundation Early Career Researcher Poster presented in the Technology and Instructional Design Category at the London Festival of Learning.

 

Wixon, N., Woolf, B.P., Schultz, S., Allesio, D., Arroyo, I. (2018) Microscope or Telescope: Analyzing Student Emotions at a Finer Grain.  2018 conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, London, UK.

Micciolo, M., Arroyo, I., Ottmar, E., Hulse, T., & Harrison, A. (2018) The Wearable Learning Cloud Platform for the Creation of Embodied Multiplayer Math Games. 2018 conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, London, UK.   

Harrison, A., Hulse, T., Manzo, D., Micciolo, M., Ottmar, E., & Arroyo, I. (2018). Computational thinking through game creation in STEM classrooms. 2018 conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, London, UK.

Erickson, E., Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P. (2018) Exploring Gritty Students’ Behavior in an Intelligent Tutoring System. 2018 conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, London, UK.

Arroyo, I., Micciollo, M., Casano, J., Ottmar, E., Hulse, T., Rodrigo, M. (2017) Wearable Learning: Multiplayer Embodied Games for Math Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play (CHI PLAY 2017). Amsterdam, Netherlands.

 

Arroyo, I., Wixon, N., Allessio, D., Woolf, Muldner, K., Burleson, W., (2017) Collaboration Improves Student Interest in Online Tutoring, In Elizabeth Andre and Ryan Baker, (Eds.)  Eighteenth International conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. Wuhan, China, Springer International Publishing.

Micciollo, M., Hulse, T., Daigle, M., Arroyo, I., Ottmar, E. (2017). From Players to Creators: Teaching Computational Thinking through Playing and Creating Embodied Math Games (2017). Poster Accepted at the Psychology of Mathematics Education Conference, North America Chapter. To be presented in Indianapolis, IN, this October 2017.

Karumbaiah, S., Lizarralde, R., Allessio, D.,Woolf, B., Arroyo, I., (2017) Addressing Student Behavior and Affect with Empathy and Growth Mindset Arnon Hershkovitz, Luc Paquette, (Eds) 10th International Conference on Educational Data Mining. Wuhan, China, Springer International Publishing.

Woolf, B., and Arroyo, I, (2017): Detection of Engagement and Context for Intelligent Mentors, IMS2017: Second International Workshop on Intelligent Mentoring Systems Tanja Mitrovic, Chair. Held in conjunction with the 18th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education(AIED2017), Wuhan, China, June 28- July 2, 2017

Casano, J., Tee, H., Agapito, J.L., Arroyo, I., Rodrigo, M.T (2016) Migration and Evaluation of a Framework for Developing Embodied Cognition Learning Games.  The 15th ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and its Applications in Industry (VRCAI 2016)

Casano, J., Arroyo, I., Agapito, J.L., Rodrigo, M.T (2016) Wearable Learning Technologies for Math on SmartWatches: a feasibility study. In Chen, W. et al. (Eds.) (2016). Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Computers in Education. India: Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.

Arroyo, I., Liu, Y., Wixon, N., Schultz, S. (2016) Toward Embodied Game-based Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Accepted as a poster to the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Zagreb, Croatia, 2016.

Arroyo, I., Schultz, S., Wixon, N., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Woolf, B.P. (2016) Addressing Affective States with Empathy and Growth Mindset. The 6th International Workshop on Personalization Approaches in Learning Environments (PALE), in conjunction with ACM’s 24th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization. Halifax, Canada, 2016.

 

Arroyo, I., Liu, Y., Wixon, N., Schultz, S. (2016)  Toward Embodied Game-based Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Zagreb, Croatia, 2016. 

 

Schultz, S., Wixon, N., Allesio, D., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Woolf, B.P, Arroyo, I. (2016) 
Blinded by Science?: Exploring Affective Meaning in Students’ Own Words. The 13th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Zagreb, Croatia, 2016. 

 

Wixon, N.; Schultz, S., Muldner, K., Allesio, D., Woolf, B.P, Burleson, W., Arroyo, I. (2016) “When the Going Gets Tough…”: Challenge, Emotions, & Difference of Perspective. The 13th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Zagreb, Croatia, 2016. 

 

Wixon, N.; Schultz, S., Allesio, D., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Woolf, B.P, Arroyo, I. (2016) Internal & External Attributions for Emotions Within an ITS. Accepted to ACM’s 24th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization. Halifax, Canada, July 2016.

Wixon, M., Allessio, D., Ocumpaugh, J., Woolf, B. P., Burleson, W., Arroyo, I. (2015)  La Mort du Chercheur: How well do students’ subjective understandings of affective self-report measures align with one another’s, and our own? International Workshop on Affect, Meta-Affect, Data and Learning (AMADL 2015). In conjunction with the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. Madrid, Spain 2015.

 

Muldner, K., Wixon, M., Rai, D., Burleson, W., Woolf, B., Arroyo, I. (2015) Exploring the impact of a learning dashboard on student affect. Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015.

 

Woolf, B.P., Arroyo, I. (2015) A mentor for every student: One challenge for instructional software. IBM Special Issue on Education Technology. IEEE Publishing.

Ostrow, K., Schultz, S., Arroyo, I. (2014) Promoting Growth Mindset Within Intelligent Tutoring Systems. The “Non-Cognitive Factors & Personalization for Adaptive Learning” Workshop held in conjunction with the the 7th International Conference on Educational Data Mining.

 

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P., Burleson, W., Muldner, K., Rai, D., Tai, M. (2014)  A Multimedia Adaptive Tutoring System for Mathematics that addresses Cognition, Metacognition and Affect. International Journal on Artificial Intelligence in Education.  Special Issue on “Landmark AIED Systems for STEM Learning”. 24:387–426

 

Wixon, M., Arroyo, I., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Lozano, C., Woolf, B. (2014) The Opportunities and Limitations of Scaling Up Sensor-Free Affect Detection. To appear in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Educational Data Mining.

 

Schultz, S., Arroyo, I. (2014) Tracing Knowledge and Engagement in Parallel in an Intelligent Tutoring System. To appear in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Educational Data Mining.

 

Wixon, M., Arroyo, I. (2014) When the Question is Part of the Answer: Examining the Impact of Emotion Self-Reports on Student Emotion. To appear in Proceedings of the 22nd Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization.

 

John, M.S., Arroyo, I., Zualkernan, I., Woolf, B.P. (2014) Culturally Aligned Pedagogical Agents for Mathematics Education. Fifth Workshop on Culturally-Aware Tutoring Systems (CATS2:A014). In conjunction with the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Hawaii. 

 

Schultz, S.; Arroyo, I. (2014) Expanding Knowledge Tracing to Prediction of Gaming Behaviors. Workshop on “Approaching Twenty Years of Knowledge Tracing”. In conjunction with the 7th International Conference on Educational Data Mining. London, England.

Schultz, S., Arroyo, I. (2014) Expanding Knowledge Tracing to Prediction of Gaming Behaviors. “Approaching Twenty Years of Knowledge Tracing” Workshop held in conjunction with the 7th International Conference on Educational Data Mining.

Rai, D., Joseph E. Beck, Arroyo, I. (2013) Causal Modeling to Understand the Relationship between Student Attitudes, Affect and Outcomes. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining.

Melissa-Sue John, Arroyo, I., Philip Blake, & Agatha Gorniesiewicz (2013) A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of College Immigrants’ Experiences: Identity, friendship formation and ethnic conflict. New England Psychological Association annual meeting. October 19th.

Kelly, K., Arroyo, I., and Heffernan, N. (2013) Using ITS Generated Data to Predict Standardized Test Scores. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining. Memphis, TN.

Rai, D., Arroyo, I., Stephens, L., Cecil Lozano, Burleson, W., Woolf, B.P., Joseph E. Beck (2013) Repairing Deactivating Negative Emotions with Student Progress Pages. H. Chad Lane, Kalina Yacef, Jack Mostow, Philip I. Pavlik (Eds.): Artificial Intelligence in Education - 16th International Conference of Artificial Intelligence in Education, Memphis, TN, USA, July 9-13, 2013. Springer 2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Pp: 795-798

Arroyo, I., Zualkernan, I., Woolf, B.P. (2013) Cross-Cultural Differences and Learning Technologies for the Developing World. Artificial Intelligence in Education - 16th International Conference of Artificial Intelligence in Education, Memphis, TN, USA, July 9-13, 2013. Springer 2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Tai, M., Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P. (2013) Teammate Relationships Improve Help-Seeking Behavior in an Intelligent Tutoring System. Artificial Intelligence in Education - 16th International Conference of Artificial Intelligence in Education, Memphis, TN, USA, July 9-13, 2013. Springer 2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 239-248

Shanabrook, D., Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P., Burleson,W. (2012) Visualization of student activity patterns within intelligent tutoring systems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems.  Crete, Greece.

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B. P., Shanabrook, D. (2012). Casual Collaborations while Learning Mathematics with an Intelligent Tutoring System. Collaborative Learning Environments Workshop, held in conjunction with the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Crete, Greece.

 

Arroyo, I., Shanabrook, D., Woolf, B. P., Burleson, W. (2012). Analyzing Affective Constructs: Emotions, Motivation and Attitudes. International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 2012.

Woolf, B.P., Arroyo, I., Zualkernan, I. (2011). Education Technology for the Developing World. IEEE’s Global Humanitarian Technology Conference. Technology for the Benefit of Humanity. Seattle, WA.

Tai, M., Woolf, B.P., Arroyo, I. (2011) Using the Think Aloud Method to Observe Students’ Help-seeking Behavior in Math Tutoring Software. ICALT 2011, IEEE’s International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, Athens, GA.

Arroyo, I.; Woolf, B.P., Cooper, D.G., Burleson, W., Muldner, K. (2011). The Impact of Animated Pedagogical Agents on Girls’ and Boys’ Emotions, Attitudes, Behaviors and Learning. ICALT 2011, IEEE’s International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, Athens, GA.

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P., Royer, J.M., Tai, M., English, S., (2010) Improving Learning Through Intelligent Tutoring and Basic Skills Training. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Pittsburgh, PA. NOMINATION to Best Paper Award.

Shanabrook, D., Cooper, D., Woolf, B., Arroyo, I. (2010) Identifying High-Level Student Behavior Using time-based Motif Discovery. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Data Mining.

Woolf, B.P., Arroyo, I., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Cooper, D., Dolan, R., Christopherson, R.M. (2010)  The Effect of Motivational Learning Companions on Low-Achieving Students and Students with Learning Disabilities, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Pittsburgh, PA.

Arroyo, I., Mehranian, H., Woolf, B. (2010) Effort-based Tutoring: An Empirical Approach to Intelligent Tutoring. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Data Mining.  Pittsburgh, PA.  BEST PAPER AWARD.

David G. Cooper, Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Christopherson, R. (2009) Sensors Model Student Self Concept in the Classroom. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B.P., Royer, J.M., Tai, M. (2009) Affective Gendered Learning Companions. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS Press.

Arroyo, I., Muldner, K., Burleson, W., Woolf, B.P.,  (2009) Cooper, D.. Designing Affective Support to Foster Learning, Motivation and Attribution. Workshop on Closing the Affective Loop in Intelligent Learning Environments. In conjunction with the 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS Press. 

Dragon, T.; Arroyo, I.; Woolf, B.P.; Burleson, W.; El Kaliouby, R.; Eydgahi, H. (2008). Viewing Student Affect and Learning through Classroom Observation and Physical Sensors. Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 9th International Conference, ITS 2008, Montreal, Canada, June 23-27, 2008, Proceedings Springer 2008: 29-39

Ferguson, K., Arroyo, I., Mahadevan, S, Woolf, B., Barto, A. Improving Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Using Expectation Maximization To Learn Student Skill Levels. Proceedings of the Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Taiwan, June, 2006.

Jonsson, A.; Johns, J.; Mehranian, H.; Arroyo, I.; Woolf, B.; Barto, A.; Fisher, D.; Mahadevan, S (2005). Evaluating the Feasibility of Learning Student Models from Data. American Association of Artificial Intelligence Conference. Workshop on Educational Data Mining, Pittsburgh, PA, 2005

 

Martin, K.; Arroyo, I.(2004). AgentX: Using Reinforcement Learning to Improve the Effectiveness of Intelligent Tutoring Systems. 564-572. James C. Lester, Rosa Maria Vicari, Fábio Paraguaçu (Eds.): Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 7th International Conference, ITS 2004, Maceiò, Alagoas, Brazil, August 30 - September 3, 2004, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3220 Springer 2004.

Arroyo, I., Beal, C. R., Murray, T., Walles, R., Woolf, B. P. (2004). Web-Based Intelligent Multimedia Tutoring for High Stakes Achievement Tests. 468-477. James C. Lester, Rosa Maria Vicari, Fábio Paraguaçu (Eds.): Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 7th International Conference, ITS 2004, Maceiò, Alagoas, Brazil, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3220. Springer 2004.

Arroyo, I., Murray, T., Woolf, B. P., Beal, C. R. (2004). Inferring Unobservable Learning Variables from Students Help Seeking Behavior. James C. Lester, Rosa Maria Vicari, Fábio Paraguaçu (Eds.): Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 7th International Conference, ITS 2004, Maceiò, Alagoas, Brazil, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3220 Springer 2004.

Beal, C. R., Arroyo, I., Royer, J. M., Woolf, B. P. (2003). Wayang Outpost: An intelligent multimedia tutor for high stakes math achievement tests. American Educational Research Association annual meeting, Chicago IL.

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B. P. (2003) Students in AWE: changing their role from consumers to producers of ITS content. Advanced Technologies for Mathematics Education Workshop. Supplementary Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.

Arroyo, I., Walles, R., Beal, C. R., Woolf, B. P. (2003) Tutoring for SAT-Math with Wayang Outpost. Advanced Technologies for Mathematics Education Workshop. Supplementary Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.

Arroyo, I., Beal, C. R., Bergman, A., Lindenmuth, M., Marshall, D., Woolf, B. P. (2003) Intelligent Tutoring for high-stakes achievement tests. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS press.

Arroyo, I., Murray, T., Woolf, B. P., Beal, C. R. (2003) Further results on gender and cognitive differences in help effectiveness. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS press.

Arroyo, I., Murray, T., Beck, J. E., Woolf, B. P., Beal, C. R. (2003) A formative evaluation of Animalwatch. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. IOS press.

Arroyo, I., Beck, J., Beal, C. R., Woolf, B. P. (2003, April). Learning within the Zone of Proximal Development with the AnimalWatch intelligent tutoring system. Accepted to the American Educational Research Association annual meeting, Chicago IL.

Murray, T., Arroyo, I. (2002). Towards Measuring and Maintaining the Zone of Proximal Development in Adaptive Instructional Systems. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Biarritz, France. Published by Springer

Arroyo, I., Woolf, B. P. Improving student models by reasoning about cognitive ability, emotions and gender. Proceedings of the eighth International Conference in User Modeling. Sonthofen, Germany. July 2001. Published by Springer

Arroyo, I., Beck, J. E., Beal, C. R., Wing, R.E., Woolf, B.P. (2001) Analyzing students' response to help provision in an elementary mathematics Intelligent Tutoring System. Help Provision and Help Seeking in Interactive Learning Environments. Workshop at the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. San Antonio, TX.

Arroyo, I., Conejo, R., Guzman, E., Woolf, B. P. An adaptive web-based component for cognitive ability estimation. Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. San Antonio, TX. May 2001. pp. 456-466. Published by IOS Press

Arroyo, I., Schapira, A., Woolf, B. P. Authoring and sharing word problems with AWE (Animalwatch web-based environment). Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. San Antonio, TX. May 2001. pp. 527-529. Published by IOS Press

Eliot, C., Woolf, B. P., Arroyo, I., Beck, J. E. (2001) Software support for students with attention problems. Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education. San Antonio, TX. May 2001. pp. 467-475. Published by IOS Press

Arroyo, I. Animalwatch: an arithmetic ITS for elementary and middle school students.  "Learning Algebra with the Computer" Workshop. In conjunction with the Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Montreal, Canada. June 2000.

Arroyo, I., Beck, J. E., Woolf, B.P., Beal, C. R., Shultz, K.. Macroadapting Animalwatch to gender and cognitive differences with respect to hint interactivity and symbolism.   Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems.  Montreal, Canada. June 2000. pp. 574-583. Published by Springer

Beal, C. R., Woolf, B. P., Beck, J. E.,  Arroyo, I., Schultz, K., Hart, D.M. (2000)  Gaining Confidence in Mathematics:  Instructional Technology for Girls.  In the Proceedings of International Conference on Mathematics/Science Education and Technology.  pp. 57-64. 2000.

Beal, C. R., Woolf, B. P., Beck, J. E., and Arroyo, I. (2000) WhaleWatch: Promoting gender equity in mathematics instruction through educational technology.  Poster accepted for presentation at the European Cognitive Science Society annual meeting, Sienna Italy.  2000.

Hart, D. M., Arroyo, I., Beck, J. E., Woolf, B.P. and Beal, C. R.  WhaleWatch:  An intelligent multimedia math tutor.  In the Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematics/cience Education and Technology (M/SET99).  pp. 565-570. 1999.

Beck, J. E., Arroyo, I., Woolf, B. P., Beal, C.R. An Ablative Evaluation (1999).  In Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education.  pp. 611-613. Le Mans, France. June 1999. Published by IOS Press

Arroyo, I., Beck, J. E., Woolf, B. P., and Shultz, K..  A useful prediction variable for student models: Cognitive Development level.   Poster at the Seventh International Conference on User Modeling. Banff, Canada. 1999.

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